Knitting needles are
plain, rounded bars of steel, bode, wood or
celluloid, of varying degrees of thickness, from 1/2 inch and ooooo,
to 24. Knitting can be done on two, four or even one pin. That
worked on two needles is sometimes called " flat web " and is used for
knitted garments which are sewn together, whilst that done on four
needles forms a round.
All knitting is begun
from a single loop on the needle, made by holding
wool between thumb and first finger of left hand, the " tag ' hanging
down in the palm. With right hand twist wool round into a ring (fig. 1)
held in position with the left thumb.
Pass the point of the
needle from front to back through the upper
thread of the loop on the left-hand needle, when the left needle will
be on top. (fig. 3)
NB - The German method of casting on in knitting is done by holding the
needles and wool slightly differently, and is considered by many to be
Figure 3 Passing the
Needle Through the Loop
Hold the hands over the
needles, which are held between the first
finger and thumb of each hand, with the thread over the first, second
and third fingers of the left hand, and held tightly between the little
and third finger. Put the right needle through the stitch, but at the
back, instead of the front, open the stitch out, twist the needle round
the thread stretched on the left fingers, draw it through the stitch,
with a movement of the left wrist bring the right needle to the front,
push the left needle down, and drop the stitch on it.
The left hand and this
wool must now be passed over the thumb from left
to right, then under the thumb from right to left and again over, thus
completely encircling the thumb. Place the point of the needle fronn
front to back, under the two top rows of this ring, pass the wool from
the ball, over the point of the needle, guide the needle with this wool
on it through the ring and draw the stitch thus made, up-against the
needle. At the same time release the ring drawing up the wool to
complete the stitch.
stitch is made in the same way. With this method of casting on it is
not necessary to knit into the backs of the stitches for the first row.
Method 2 - Knitting Instructions - How to Cast On
with Two Needles
Casting on with two needles (fig.4) is not quite so firm but
is generally used for fine work. With the single loop on the needle,
start by bringing the wool up at the back of both needles, then over
the point of the right-hand one, drawing it upwards through the loop on
the left-hand needle.
Figure 4-Casting on with
Pull the stitch on the right-hand needle out until it is an inch or
more long (fig. 5) then put the point of the left-hand needle into this
loop. Slip out the right-hand needle into this loop.
Figure 5 Adding Stitches
Slip out the right-hand needle, and so add a new stitich to the
left-hand needle, gently pulling it up close to the needle. (fig. 6)
Figure 6 Adding Stitches
with 2 Needles
Continue like this until the specified number of stitches are all on
the left-hand needle. (fig. 7)
Figure 7 A row of cast on
Step-by-Step Knitting Instructions for Garter Stitch or Plain
by casting on the required number of stitches, then take the needle
with the cast-on stitches and hold it in the left hand,
point between the thumb and first finger.
the other needle between thumb and first finger of the right hand as
shown left. Then insert the point of the needle from left to right
through the first stitch on the left-hand needle.
first finger of the right hand, pass the wool round the point of the
right-hand needle (first under, then over) keeping the wool always at
the back of the work, draw the wool on the needle through the stitch to
the front of the knitting, slip the old stitch off the left-hand
needle, and keep the new stitch on the right-hand needle.
in this way until all stitches are worked. Now reverse the needles,
hold them as at first and continue to work each row in exactly the same
way for the length required,
An example of Plain
Knitting the most basic of Knitting Patterns
knitting, as above, also called garter stitch is the easiest of all
stitches to make, and is looks the same on the right and wrong sides.
It is one of the principal basic stitches in knitting patterns.
Step-by-Step Knitting Instructions on Stocking Stitch
Cast on the number of
stitches required and, holding the needles as
knit one plain row. The second row is purl. Hold the needles - as
before, the full needle in the left hand and the spare needle in the
right (for this row always keep the wool in front of the work, pass the
point of the right-handed needle under the wool and insert it from
right to left, through the first stitch bringing the needle in front of
the left needle. With the first finger of the right hands pass the wool
over the point, then under the needle to the front again.
draw the wool on the needle- through stitch to the back of the
work, slip the old stitch off the left-hand needle and keep the new
stitch on the right-hand needle.Continue in this way until all stitches
are worked off. Repeat these two rows; 1plain, I purl) for the length
An example of Stocking Stitch as
a Basic Knitting Pattern
stitch, or stocking web as it is sometimes called, consists of one row
of purl and one of plain. The wrong side of the knitting looks the same
as plain knitting. This is another example of a basic knitting pattern.
Step-by-Step Knitting Instructions for Ribbed Knitting
is done on any number of stitches, divisible by the number of stitches
in the rib, and is worked by knitting first plain and then purl, in
twos or fours, as desired. This type of knitting is chiefly used for
cuffs, neckbands, and welting for stockings and jumpers. It is
particularly elastic so that while fitting closely, it will stretch to
almost any size.
ribbed knitting the width of the rib can be varied according to the
article being knitted. The usual combination for welts is either two
plain, two purl, or one plain, one purl.
Step-by-Step Knitting Instructions on how to Increase
Stitches in Knitting
is simply done by knitting two stitches into one. That is by knitting
into the back as well as the front of the stitch, before slipping off
the needle. The effect of increasing this way is show in the
photo on the left.
Another very neat way of increasing a
knitting stitch is to knit a stitch into the loop just below the next
stitch to be knitted on the left-hand needle.
An example of increasing stitches in knitting
Step-by-Step Knitting Instructions on how to Decrease
Stitches in Knitting
in knitting can be decreased either by knitting two stitches together,
or purling two stitches together, as the case may be.
way is to slip one stitch, knit the next, then pass the slipped stitch
over. To slip a stitch, simply take the stitch from the left-hand
needle to the right-hand needle without knitting it.
Step-by-Step Knitting Instructions on how to Make Stitches
make a stitch in open knitting patterns, that is in plain knitting,
pass the thread to the front of the work through the pins and back
again over the pins. In purl knitting when the thread is already at the
front of the work, pass it over the needle and right around it, so that
it comes to the front again. This makes a new stitch when knitted off
in the next row.
Step-by-Step Knitting Instructions on how to do Double
knitting is when you begin by casting on an even number of stitches.
Bring the wool to the front and slip purlwise, pass the wool to the
back and knit the next stitch, plain. Bring the wool to the front and
slip the next stitch purlwise. Pass the wool to the back and knit the
folowing stitch plain. Repeat in this way, alternately
one stitch and knitting one stitch to the end of the row. Repeat for
the length required. The stitch which was slipped in one row, must
aways be knitted in the next.
Step-by-Step Knitting Instructions on Grafting Knitting Pieces
as the method of neatly joining together two pieces of knitting and is
much used for the shoulder of jumpers, etc. When leaving stitches for
grafting, do not break the wool off close to the last stitch, but leave
a long end. Thread this into a wool needle and place the two needles
containing stitches together, right side outside, holding the work so
that the end of the wool is at the right-hand end of the back needle.
Pass the wool needle through the first loop of the
front needle, purlwise (Diagram B), but do not slip the loop off the
knitting needle. Pass the needle through first loop of the back needle
as if about to knit but do not slip loop off (Diagram C). Slip off the
first loop as if for plain knitting in the front rows but keep the loop
on the wool needle until the next loop is worked.
needle through the second loop as if for purling, but do not slip the
loop off the knitting needle (Diagram D). In the back row, slip off the
first loops, as for purling, keeping on the wool needle, pass through
the second loop, as for knitting, but do not slip the loop off the
knitting needle. Repeat until all the loops are worked off. Fasten off.
Step-by-Step Knitting Instructions on Casting Off
the first two stitches then pass the left-hand needle from left to
right through the first stitch and pull the stitch over the second one
and off the right-hand needle. Now knit the next stitch and take the
second one over this and off the needle in the same way as the first
stitch. Continue thus until only one stitch remains, break off the wool
and slip the end through the last stitch, which is now slipped off the
needle and the end drawn tight.
Another method is to knit the
first stitches together, slip the stitch on the right-hand needle on to
the left one, then knit this stitch together with the third one on the
right-hand needle. Continue like this until only one stitch remains.
Break off the wool and finish.
Step-by-Step Knitting Instructions for Dropped Stitches
Stitches accidentally drop from time to time. So how do you pick up
dropped stitches in knitting?
should be picked up at once or the whole piece of work could be spoilt.
Dropped stitches can be seen at once byt the loop forming the stitch
running down the whole length of the work. If it is impossible to pick
this up neatly, unravel the work, place the loop in its right position
on the needle and once more proceed to re-knit.
of the features of good knitting is its evenness, which may be obtained
by working steadily, whether quickly or slowly. Usually a quick worker
knits more evenly than a slow one.
Always finish a row before
putting the knitting down, because if you leave the work in
middle, the stitches will stretch.
We hope you have found our
knitting instructions helpful and are inspired to start using some of
our free knitting patterns soon!