How to make paper in your kitchen with simple
equipment. Paper making is fun and easy. We will also give you
some paper making tips that will show you just how easy it is to
change the look of your homemade paper once you have learned
to make a basic paper making recipe.
The first piece of paper making equipment is a frame and a deckle. The
frame is wooden and has a piece of screening attached on which you
place your paper pulp. This is your mold. The deckle is a frame that
is placed on top of the mold to define the edge of your paper.
A Homemade Paper Making Mold Using a Picture Frame
To make your own paper mold take a picture frame that is made of flat
wood, the inner size will be the finished size of the paper you want to
make. Remove the backing and the glass until you are just left with the
frame. Now take some fly-screen and glue or staple the screen onto the
wooden picture frame. Voila! You have made a cheap and simple paper
Now make the paper-making deckle. Buy a second, flat, wooden picture
frame the same
size as the first that you have converted as a mold. Remove the
backing and the glass. Do not attach a screen to the deckle.
A deckle is optional, as you will see from the following step-by-step
photos on how to make paper.
12 Steps on How to Make
Step 1 How to
Make Paper: Paper
Paper Making Equipment to get
Get together your equipment for your homemade paper. You
need the following for making paper at home:
1x electric blender
1x wooden paper mold with screen
1x deckle (optional)
large flat-based container
paper towels or kitchen chucks
The picture above shows a screen made very cheaply, this time using two
lots of screening. The first is fly-screen and the second is
square-mesh to strengthen the first screen. Both screens are laminated
together using duck tape. The edge of the duck tape can be used to get
the neat edge of your homemade paper, and if not, you can always trim
it straight afterwards.
Step 2 How to
Fill up your Blender
Paper Making using a Blender
Next for making paper, you need to fill up the blender with water up to
2/3 of the space. This
allows you to place the correct ratio of paper to the blender to get
the right consistency needed for successful paper making.
You can experiment. Some paper makers like to fill up the blender to
3/4 with just 1/4 left for paper.
Step 3 How to
Cut up your Paper
Paper Making Tearing the
You will need to tear up your paper into small pieces. The ideal size
is about 1 inch square. These can be pre-soaked in water for an hour
before use. This gives a better end product. Any paper can be used;
office paper, newspaper, brown paper bags etc.
Step 4 How to
Make your Homemade Paper Pulp
Using the Blender to Pulp the
Process the paper, small bits at a time until you have a smooth pulp. 4
cups of pulp will give you enough material to make 20 sheets of
homemade paper 5 x 7 inches, (12.5 x 17.5 cm).
Step 5 How to Make Paper: Pour Pulp into Container
Pouring the Pulp in the
Making sure that your pulp is fairly thick, but still
place 2 cups of the pulp in a large, flat-bottomed container that has
eight cups (2 liters) of water. Here a plastic tub has been used. The
container needs to be flat-bottomed so that when you place the screen
into the container you can easily scoop the pulp up.
The reason for adding the pulp to more water means that you will get a
finer paper. You can also pour the pulp directly into the tub without
using any extra water for your paper making, however, the final
homemade paper will be thicker and more coarse.
Step 6 How to Make Paper: Check Pulp Consistency
Checking the Consistency of the
Pulp is Important
This is the consistency you get when you pour all the pulp directly
into the container without watering it down. Some people want a more
heavy-duty paper, and so therefore this is fine for this type of
Step 7 How to Make Paper: Using your Paper Making Screen
Dipping the Screen into
Removing the Pulp from
Agitate the water with
hand or a whisk before dipping your screen into the pulp. Shake the
pulp around the screen while under water to try and get an even
distribution of pulp for your homemade paper.
The thicker the paper, the more pulp you will have on your screen. If
you want to make thin paper make sure that when you lift the screen
there are no gaps in the pulp where cover hasn't been even.
If you are using a wooden paper making mold, use the mold and deckle
together with the mold screen side up so that the pulp sits neatly
into the mold.
Lift out of the container and allow the water to drain off. Remove the
deckle from the mold so that it doesn't drip water onto the newly
Step 8 How to Make Paper: Removing your Paper Making Screen
Removing the Screen from the Pulp
sure that you have some newspaper or paper towels ready covered with
kitchen cloth. The kitchen wipes that usually come in blue with the
small holes is ideal. This process of making paper is called
"couching". That is putting a buffer of two layers down before putting
your homemade paper pulp out and covering it again with a sandwich
layer of another blue kitchen cloth, followed by another layer of
Step 9 How to Make Paper: Sponge Off Excess Water
Sponging off the excess
Water from the Pulp
Before you cover your paper pulp take a sponge try and sponge the back
of the frame trying to get as much excess water off.
How to Make Paper Step 10: Releasing Pulp from Screen
Lift the corner of the frame as shown to
get the paper pulp off. If you are using a paper mold hold the mold in
an upright position and rest the frame edge on the couching material
nearest to you. Now roll the sheet from the edge near you
the couching material in one smooth rolling action. If the paper
sticks, try blotting with a wet sponge and try prising the corner off
to see if it will loosen.
As you will see from the example above, the edges are very rough
without the use of a deckle. However, these can soon be
with a trimmer. However, it does mean that you will end up with a lot
of wastage this way.
How to Make Paper Stage 11:
Leaving Pulp to Dry
Once removed you will need to get
more excess water out from your paper. Cover with the blue kitchen
cloth followed by a layer of water. Place another layer of newspaper
down, followed by another kitchen cloth getting ready for your next
piece of homemade paper. Repeat this process until you have finished
your pulp. Once you have finished with your stack of sheets
now have a "post".
Step 12 How to Make Paper: Pressing your Posts
You will need to take your post and place some weights on it to help
get out the rest of the water. An easy way of doing this is placing two
bricks a small space apart. Place a sheet of wood over the top of the
bricks with the post on the top. Cover with another sheet of wood and
place bricks on the surface in two layers. This will help dry out the
paper. You can also speed up the process by placing a fan in front of
Different Paper Drying Styles
Different Drying Styles
give Different Results
Using the method just
paper making, you can see how to make paper is fairly easy, but also,
through different drying techniques, you will get different variations
of how your paper will look, whether it has been dried between glass,
between cloth, or just air-dried with no couching involved at all.
Paper Making Tips:
- If you are going to use
newspaper, soak the newsprint in water for 20 minutes and
pour off the grey water to get rid of the black ink. Repeat once more
to get a good result.
- You can use the paper from old
telephone books. Again pre-soak for 20 minutes and drain
off and soak again to get rid of the black ink.
- Experiment with food
to dye your paper.
- Add used tea
leaves or coffee
grounds to your pulp as a
dye. Or add to your pulp for an interesting finished effect.
- Add dried
herbs and onion
skins for an interesting
Pictures courtesy of bzedan