Free loom plans for a variety of
homemade looms for home weaving. Find full instructions for the
assembly and manufacture
of these looms. There are several free plans here, including small
portable looms, as well as full-sized wooden floor looms.
For those of you who already enjoy knitting
spinning and crocheting, weaving is just another extension to the wool
crafts. Weaving is an ancient craft that has proved very useful for
nomads to make tents, cloth and mats, after spinning nature fibres.
Modern weaving has carried on the tradition, using an either more
portable loom such as a heddle bar loom or a more permanent floor loom,
we have free plans for looms of both types. Easy to construct, and
guarenteed to give you hours of fun and satisfaction.
Who knows, the better you get, you may even be able to turn this in to
a profitable home industry! Many people love hand woven products,
including woven cushion covers, rugs and winter clothes to name just a
Main Parts to the Weaving Loom Plans
When assembling your floor loom there are 6 main parts that you need to
be aware of.
Main Parts to the Weaving Loom: 1. The Warp Beam
This is the cylinder of wood or metal at the back of the loom around
which the warp is wound.
Main Parts to the Weaving Loom: 2. The Harness
The harness is the frame of wood or metal holding the heddles which
allows the weaver to raise a selection of warp threads. Harnesses of
treadle loom are foot-operated while harnesses of other looms are
operated by levers or a cylinder-and-pin operation at the top of the
Main Parts to the Weaving Loom: 3. The Heddle
This is the device of string or flat metal having an eye through which
each warp is threaded according to the pattern. Each heddle may control
a single thread or a combination of warp threads.
Main Parts to the Weaving Loom: 4. The Beater
The beater is the heavy wooden or metal frame which is swung against
the woven material between each row of weft yarn. The amount of beating
varies with the type of yard used as well as the desired tightness of
the weave required.
Rhythm is the most important part of the beating process. The reed is a
comblike device held in the beater through which the warp is threaded.
Reed serves to keep the warp threads properly spaced. Individual
teeth in reed are known as "dents". The number of dents per inch
designates the kind of reed.
Main Parts to the Weaving Loom: 5. The Breast Beam
This is the cylinder of wood or metal at the front of the loom over
which the web is held taut.
Main Parts to the Weaving Loom: 6. The Cloth Beam
This is the wooden or metal roller at the front of the loom and below
the breast beam on which the finished cloth is wound.
Free Loom Plans
For more information on How to Weave