Free Weaving Loom Plans for Wooden Floor Looms and Portable Looms



Free loom plans for a variety of homemade looms for home weaving. Find full instructions for the assembly and manufacture of these looms. There are several free plans here, including small portable looms, as well as full-sized wooden floor looms.

For those of you who already enjoy knitting, spinning and crocheting, weaving is just another extension to the wool crafts. Weaving is an ancient craft that has proved very useful for nomads to make tents, cloth and mats, after spinning nature fibres. Modern weaving has carried on the tradition, using an either more portable loom such as a heddle bar loom or a more permanent floor loom, we have free plans for looms of both types. Easy to construct, and guarenteed to give you hours of fun and satisfaction.

Who knows, the better you get, you may even be able to turn this in to a profitable home industry! Many people love hand woven products, including woven cushion covers, rugs and winter clothes to name just a few possibilities.

Main Parts to the Weaving Loom Plans

When assembling your floor loom there are 6 main parts that you need to be aware of.

Main Parts to the Weaving Loom:  1. The Warp Beam

This is the cylinder of wood or metal at the back of the loom around which the warp is wound.

Main Parts to the Weaving Loom:  2. The Harness

The harness is the frame of wood or metal holding the heddles which allows the weaver to raise a selection of warp threads. Harnesses of treadle loom are foot-operated while harnesses of other looms are operated by levers or a cylinder-and-pin operation at the top of the loom.

Main Parts to the Weaving Loom:  3. The Heddle

This is the device of string or flat metal having an eye through which each warp is threaded according to the pattern. Each heddle may control a single thread or a combination of warp threads.

Main Parts to the Weaving Loom:  4. The Beater

The beater is the heavy wooden or metal frame which is swung against the woven material between each row of weft yarn. The amount of beating varies with the type of yard used as well as the desired tightness of the weave required.

Rhythm is the most important part of the beating process. The reed is a comblike device held in the beater through which the warp is threaded. Reed  serves to keep the warp threads properly spaced. Individual teeth in reed are known as "dents".  The number of dents per inch designates the kind of reed.

Main Parts to the Weaving Loom:  5. The Breast Beam

This is the cylinder of wood or metal at the front of the loom over which the web is held taut.

Main Parts to the Weaving Loom:  6. The Cloth Beam

This is the wooden or metal roller at the front of the loom and below the breast beam on which the finished cloth is wound.

Free Loom Plans

For more information on How to Weave.

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