We have free birdhouse
plans here that are unique. Use an old hat, some old kegs or a couple
of pieces of wood for building bird houses at home.
It is a mistake to have bird houses too show
y and too exposed. Most
birds naturally choose an out of the way place for their
nests, and slip into them quietly, that no enemy may discover where
All that is required in a bird house is, a hiding place,
with an opening just large enough for the bird, and a water-tight roof.
There are so very many ways in which these may be provided, and a
simple solution can be made to provide all the birdhouses that may be
An old hat,
with a hole for a door, tacked by the rim against a shed, such as shown
will be occupied by birds sooner than a showy bird house.
Above right is an example of our free birdhouse
plans where six kegs are placed together to rest upon a
pole; the kegs are fastened to the boards by screws inserted from
Why build Nesting Boxes and Birdhouses?
has been positively proven that birds will return annually in greater
numbers to areas where they have been fed or given help, in the form of
nesting boxes, than to those places where no such provision
The return made by our feathered friends by ridding
our gardens and orchards of destructive worms and insects, is many
times as valuable as the small commission they collect by sampling a
berry or two here and there.
Innumerable quantities of seeds of
plants and weeds which would otherwise overun our gardens are eaten by
the birds. This, together with the fact that these same birds with
their brilliant plumage and beautiful songs, are a valuable asset to
our neighborhood, ought certainly to impress us that they deserve our
assistance and protection.
Help is best given by preparing
suitable birdhouses and feeding shelves for them, and also by placing
bits of string, horsehair, and other nesting material convenient for
them. Just remember to build your birdhouses in such a way that cats
and other bird enemies cannot get to their nests. However, more
importantly when building bird houses
you need to
know that different birds need different bird houses.
Left we have free birdhouse plans showing how a
two-story house may be made separate from two
shallow boxes, each divided into four tenements.
Each box has a bottom
board, projecting two inches all around, to answer as a landing place.
The roof should be tight, and the whole so strongly nailed that it will
not warp. It should be well painted.
The foundation of the house, shown right, is any convenient
sized box, such as may be had at the stores. A piece is nailed to each
end, cut to the slope it is desired to have the roof.
As the roof is to be thatched, it had better be pretty steep; it will
not only shed the rain the more readily, but the house will look
The upper end of the pole which is to support the house is made square
; it passes through a hole in the bottom of the box, and extends far
enough above the ridge of the roof, to form the chimney.
A ridge pole is, then passed through the upright pole and the end
pieces, as shown in the figure. Places for the windows are to be cut
out, but the door may be only a dummy, and painted black.
Small branches of any straight, easy-splitting wood are to be cut of
the proper lengths, and split lengthwise. These, with the bark on, are
fastened by small nails all over the exterior of the house, as shown
below, which gives this form of bird house complete.
Free Birdhouse Plans - Using Gourds
Another idea on our free
birdhouse plans page is using dried gourds. Dried
gourds are easily converted into very good bird houses. All you need to
do is to drill a small hole through the top for a hanging
cord. On the
side, cut a hole large enough to accommodate wrens, barn swallows, or
other small birds. Shake out the dried seeds. It is also wise to drill
a small hole in the bottom of the gours so that if
any rainwater finds
its way into the birdhouse, it will help drain it away. These
natural-gourd birdhouses can last for many years.
Free Birdhouse Plans Using Flower Pots
novel use of the common garden flower pot may be made by enlarging the
small opening at the bottom with a pair of pliers, and carefully
clay away until
the opening is large enough to let in a small bird.
the pot, bottom side up, on a board, 3 in. wider than the diameter
of the largest pot used, and fasten it to the board with wood cleats
and brass screws.
Fit the cleats as close as possible to the sides of the pot. One or
more pots may be used,
as shown in the sketch.
board on which the pots are fastened is nailed or screwed to a post
or pole 10 or
12 ft. in height. The board is braced with lath or similar strips of
wood, making a framework suitable for a roost. In designing the roost,
the lath can be
arranged to make it quite attractive, or the braces may be of twigs and
a tree to make a rustic effect.
Plans and Hints and Tips Regarding Size
When looking at these
free birdhouse plans what size hole do I drill for my birdhouse?
The size of the hole
will be determined by what bird species visit your birdhouse, and the
concern here is enticing an unwanted bird species such as the
brown-headed cowbird and even European starlings to name a few.
Entrance hole sizes vary from 1inches in diameter for species such as
tufted titmice and Carolina wren, to a 3inch diameter for screech owls
and American kestrels.
The distance in height
from the entrance hole to the birdhouse floor
should also be considered. Generally, about 6-8 inches is a good rule
of thumb for most bird species, however species such as the Northern
Flicker and Screech owl require greater depths up to a foot or more.
The height the box is above the ground may also be important, and it
will vary by species. It has also been proven that ignoring the proper
placement of a predator guard can be costly, and the simple fact of
using one may lessen the importance of attention to box height
placement. Simple sheet metal or aluminum can be used as a pipe guard,
tree guard, or cone guard.
Although the size of the hole is an important consideration, another
item to take careful note of is the habitat chosen for the box. For
example, placing a bluebird nesting box in the forest will do little to
attract a bluebird, however, you may get some Carolina chickadees and
other cavity nesters curious. Bluebirds generally require open meadows
and fields, keeping in mind to also place the boxes approximately 100
yards apart due to their apparent territorial nature.
Free Birdhouse Plans for Specific Bird Types
To successfully entice the birds there are certain rules which
experience has proven we
must follow. Different birds need different sized boxes. The table
given below gives the correct dimensions for a variety of houses for
The size of the opening is very important for building bird houses, as
it is essential that it be no larger than is necessary for the bird for
whom it is intended, to conveniently enter.
The smaller birds will be bothered a great deal by the English sparrow,
who enters if
the opening is not kept very small. It is considered by a majority of
authorities that a perch is not a help but a hindrance at the opening.
The sparrows alight there and by their incessant chirping drive out or
annoy the more desirable occupants.
Again, the bluebird and most of the other song bird can fly directly to
the edge of the opening and thus go in, while the sparrow, not quite as
clever, must first alight on the perch and get his bearing before
It is exceedingly important that there be some means of cleaning out
the bird houses at season's end or removing any dead baby birds. This
can easily be taken care of by making a birdhouse with a removeable
roof or hinged bottom when building bird houses of this nature.
When building bird houses, always drill a few small holes into the
bottom to allow for drainage. A few more holes, about a quarter inch in
diameter, should be drilled just under the eaves to allow ventilation
into the birdhouse, but not too low that it will affect the baby birds.
In boring the entrance hole, tip the bit upward slightly so that rain
water will not drip
Some device for attaching the house to a building or tree should be
provided. It is best
to have the house stationary to prevent undue swinging in a high wind,
perhaps causing the breaking of eggs and discomfort to the mother bird.
Houses of unusual shape or design are not considered as good as the
plainer types, the idea being to make each house harmonize as naturally
as possible with the surroundings.
One can see from the above that there is a lot to take into
consideration when building bird houses in order to get it right, and
making sure that your birds visit again and again.
We have more information on bird houses for you, including different
plans for specific birds, so please follow the links below.
Free Birdhouse Plans - Dimensions and Blueprint
If you are serious about
placing some homemade birdhouses in your garden this spring then we
suggest you look at this very informative article on building
birdhouses according to the species you want to house. Dimensions are
give, along with diagrams of building a basic birdhouse
Do you have any Birdhouse Plans of your Own?